Dog Breeds

Curly Coated Retriever


The Curly Coated Retriever is one of the oldest dog breeds in existence. This dog is most common in England, Australia, and New Zealand. The breed was developed by crossing between the Newfoundland, Irish Water Spaniel, Poodle, and English Water Spaniel – an old breed now extinct.

This breed was a favorite among English hunters who admired their gentle retrieval abilities.


This is a medium-sized dog, well build and strong. It has a long, large skull with a trapezoidal muzzle. The nose is black. Their eyes are quite large and come in brown or black. The ears are relatively small and covered with curly hair. The tail is of medium length.


This breed’s main characteristics are courage and perseverance. Curly Coated Retrievers are confident and elegant. They are one of the most daring of the retrievers, yet they are quite sensitive. The Curly Coated Retriever is the ideal partner for an active, open person who also wants a loyal family companion.

This dog is smart, energetic, cheerful, and noisy. It is obedient and devoted to its owner, loving and patient with children if they do not annoy it too much. Curly Coated Retrievers are quite wary of strangers and can become aggressive if it senses danger. They get along well with other dogs and household animals.

  • The Curly Coated Retriever is more reserved around strangers than any other retriever breed and must be properly socialized to avoid shyness;
  • This breed is smart and loves to work but it needs a strong, confident owner who will spend his time with his dog;
  • A very rare breed.
  • Curly Coated Retrievers take longer to mature than other breeds – be prepared for this. The maturation process can take at least three years.
  • They are not meant for apartments and do better with large yards where they can spend their energy.


The Curly Coated Retriever breed is sensitive, independent, and tends to be stubborn. Early socialization and obedience training is critical. It is important that the training sessions are short and varied. Training must be done with firmness, fairness, and consistency.


The coat of Curly Coated Retrievers is very unique. The coat needs brushing during shedding seasons to remove dead hair. But cleaning should be light, so as to not destroy the texture of the coat. Sometimes, after brushing, the coat can be rubbed with a wet towel to make it frizzy again.

Common Disease

The main health problems of Curly Coated Retrievers are:

  • Hip dysplasia;
  • Elbow dysplasia;
  • Entropy;
  • Ectropia;
  • Distichiasis;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy;
  • Retinal dysplasia;
  • Baldness;
  • Glycogen storage disease;
  • Lymphosarcoma;
  • Adenocarcinoma;
  • Fibrosarcoma;
  • Mast cell tumors;
  • Angiosarcoma;
  • Melanoma;
  • Osteosarcoma;
  • Gastric dilatation (intestinal volvulus);
  • Epilepsy;
  • Cancer.


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