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How To Manage Chewing and Destructive Behavior

Dogs are wonderful companions, but sometimes they engage in chewing and destructive behavior that can be frustrating for their owners. Understanding why dogs chew and how to manage this behavior is crucial for their well-being and the safety of your belongings. In this article, we will explore effective strategies to prevent and correct chewing and destructive behavior in dogs.

What is chewing and destructive behavior?

Chewing behavior is a natural instinct for dogs. It helps them explore their environment, relieve stress, and keep their teeth clean. However, when this behavior becomes excessive or destructive, it can cause damage to furniture, shoes, and other valuable items in your home.

Why do dogs engage in chewing and destructive behavior?

There are several reasons why dogs may engage in chewing and destructive behavior. Puppies often chew as a part of teething and exploring their surroundings. Adult dogs may chew due to boredom, separation anxiety, or lack of mental and physical stimulation. Additionally, some dogs may chew as a result of fear, frustration, or even medical issues.

Common causes of chewing and destructive behavior

  1. Boredom: Dogs that lack mental and physical stimulation are more likely to engage in destructive chewing to alleviate their boredom.
  2. Anxiety and stress: Dogs with separation anxiety or other forms of anxiety may resort to chewing as a coping mechanism.
  3. Lack of exercise: Insufficient exercise can lead to pent-up energy, which dogs may release through destructive chewing.
  4. Teething: Puppies go through a teething phase, which can cause discomfort and drive them to chew on objects to alleviate the pain.
  5. Attention-seeking: Some dogs may resort to destructive chewing to get their owner’s attention, especially if they feel neglected.

Preventing Chewing and Destructive Behavior

Prevention is key when it comes to managing chewing and destructive behavior in dogs. By providing appropriate alternatives and fulfilling their needs, you can help redirect their behavior.

Providing appropriate chew toys

Offering a variety of chew toys designed specifically for dogs can help redirect their chewing behavior to more appropriate items. Look for toys made of durable materials that are safe for your dog to chew on. Avoid giving them old shoes or other household items, as this can confuse them about what is acceptable to chew on.

Keeping your dog mentally stimulated

Mental stimulation is as important as physical exercise for dogs. Engage your dog’s mind by providing interactive toys, puzzle games, and food-dispensing toys. These activities will keep them occupied and mentally stimulated, reducing the likelihood of destructive chewing out of boredom.

Ensuring regular exercise

A tired dog is less likely to engage in destructive behavior. Regular exercise, such as daily walks or playtime in the park, can help burn off excess energy. Tailor the exercise routine to your dog’s breed, age, and health condition. Remember, a tired dog is a happy dog!

Crate training

Crate training can be an effective way to manage chewing and destructive behavior, especially when you’re unable to supervise your dog. Ensure that the crate is comfortable, with bedding and appropriate chew toys. Gradually introduce your dog to the crate and associate it with positive experiences, such as treats and praise.

Using deterrents and training aids

Deterrents and training aids can help discourage dogs from chewing on inappropriate items. Bitter apple sprays, anti-chew sprays, and bitter-tasting substances can be applied to objects you want to protect. Additionally, consider using positive reinforcement training methods to teach your dog what is acceptable to chew and what is off-limits.

Correcting Chewing and Destructive Behavior

If your dog has already developed a habit of chewing and destructive behavior, it’s essential to address the issue promptly. Here are some steps to help correct this behavior.

Identifying the triggers

Understanding the triggers that lead to destructive chewing is crucial for finding a solution. Is your dog more likely to chew when they are left alone? Or perhaps when they are anxious or bored? Identifying these triggers will help you tailor your training approach accordingly.

Positive reinforcement training

Positive reinforcement training involves rewarding desired behavior to encourage its repetition. When your dog chews on appropriate items, provide praise, treats, or other rewards. This positive association will gradually reinforce the behavior you want to see, discouraging destructive chewing.

Redirecting the behavior

When you catch your dog chewing on something inappropriate, calmly redirect their attention to an appropriate chew toy. Encourage them to chew on the toy and praise them when they do. Consistency and patience are key in reinforcing this behavior.

Seeking professional help if necessary

If your dog’s chewing and destructive behavior persist despite your efforts, consider seeking help from a professional dog trainer or animal behaviorist. They can assess the situation, provide tailored advice, and help you develop a training plan that addresses the underlying causes of the behavior.

Frequently Asked Questions


Chewing and destructive behavior in dogs can be challenging to manage, but with patience, consistency, and the right approach, it can be corrected. Remember to provide appropriate chew toys, keep your dog mentally stimulated and physically active, and use positive reinforcement training methods. If the behavior persists, seek professional help to address any underlying issues. By understanding and managing this behavior, you can ensure a happier and more harmonious relationship with your furry friend.

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