Dog Breeds

Old English Sheepdog (Bobtail)

Are you considering adding an Old English Sheepdog to your family? This lovable breed is known for its shaggy appearance and friendly demeanor. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore everything you need to know about owning and caring for an Old English Sheepdog, including their history, temperament, grooming needs, and health considerations.


The Old English Sheepdog, or OES, is a large breed that originated in England in the early 18th century. They were originally bred to help farmers herd and protect their livestock. OES were also commonly used to transport goods and supplies, as their strong and sturdy build made them ideal for carrying heavy loads.

The first Old English Sheepdog was imported to the United States in the late 1800s. They quickly gained popularity among dog lovers. Today, the Old English Sheepdog is recognized as a beloved family pet and a top competitor in dog shows.


The Old English Sheepdog is a large and muscular breed of dog with a distinctive shaggy coat that covers their entire body. They have a sturdy and square-shaped build, with a broad chest and powerful legs. The breed’s most notable feature is their thick and woolly coat. They come in shades of gray, blue, and white. They also require frequent grooming to prevent matting.

The OES has a distinctive and intelligent expression, with their eyes and ears often hidden beneath their shaggy hair. Overall, the Old English Sheepdog is a striking and memorable breed with a unique appearance that makes them instantly recognizable.


Old English Sheepdogs are known for their affectionate and playful personalities. They are incredibly loyal and make great family pets, as they are gentle and patient with children. OES are also known for their intelligence and trainability, making them an excellent choice for first-time dog owners.

It is important to note, however, that Old English Sheepdogs require plenty of exercise and socialization to thrive. They are a high-energy breed and need daily walks and playtime to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.


One of the most distinctive features of the Old English Sheepdog is their shaggy, fluffy coat. While this coat is undeniably adorable, it also requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and tangle-free.

Old English Sheepdogs should be brushed at least once a week, with more frequent brushing during shedding season. Their coats should be trimmed every few months to prevent matting and keep them looking their best.

It is also important to keep the Old English Sheepdog’s ears clean and dry. Because they are prone to ear infections. Regular tooth brushing and nail trimming are also important parts of their grooming routine.


Like all breeds, the Old English Sheepdog is prone to certain health conditions. Some of the most common health issues that affect OES include:

  • Hip dysplasia;
  • Progressive retinal atrophy;
  • Hypothyroidism.

To ensure that your Old English Sheepdog stays healthy, it is important to work with a reputable breeder who screens their dogs for these conditions. Regular veterinary checkups and a healthy diet and exercise routine are also crucial for maintaining your OES’s overall health and well-being.


In conclusion, the Old English Sheepdog is a fascinating and beloved breed of dog with a rich history and many unique traits. From their shaggy coat to their friendly and loyal personalities. These dogs have captured the hearts of many people around the world.

Whether you are a long-time fan of the breed or simply curious to learn more, there is no denying that the Old English Sheepdog is a special and cherished member of the canine family. By understanding their history, characteristics, and needs, we can ensure that these wonderful dogs continue to thrive and bring joy to their owners for years to come.


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